Accession Number : ADA049845


Title :   M/V ELIAS Explosion and Fire at Fort Mifflin, PA., on 9 April 1974 with Loss of Life.


Descriptive Note : Marine casualty rept.


Corporate Author : COAST GUARD WASHINGTON DC


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a049845.pdf


Report Date : 09 Sep 1977


Pagination or Media Count : 43


Abstract : At approximately 10 P.M. on 9 April 1974 while the M/V ELIAS was in the process of completing the discharge of a full cargo of Bachaquero crude oil at the Atlantic Richfield Oil (ARCO) Terminal, Fort Mifflin, Pennsylvania on the Delaware River the vessel sustained a series of three massive explosions, burned and sank. Nine members of the crew and four visitors (relatives of the master) perished or are missing. The M/V ELIAS was a total loss and the SS EDWARD L. STEINGER and the ARCO Terminal sustained extensive damages. The report contains the U.S. Coast Guard Marine Board of Investigation report and the Action taken by the Commandant to determine the probable cause of the casualty and the recommendations to prevent recurrence. The Commandant concurred with the Marine Board that source, and location of the initial explosion cannot be determined. Evidence of internal explosion in the after pump room, the cofferdam in the number 3 starboard cargo tanks, and in several of the cargo tanks indicate a varied path of the explosions. (Author)


Descriptors :   *EXPLOSIONS , *SHIP FIRES , *ACCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS , DAMAGE ASSESSMENT , SAFETY , CASUALTIES , MERCHANT VESSELS , CARGO HANDLING , CRUDE OIL


Subject Categories : Marine Engineering
      Safety Engineering


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE