Accession Number : ADA029162
Title : A Crashworthiness Analysis with Emphasis on the Fire Hazard: U.S. and Selected Foreign Turbine Aircraft Accidents, 1964-1974
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON DC SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Horeff, Thomas G
Report Date : Jul 1976
Pagination or Media Count : 168
Abstract : An analysis of 382 impact-survivable/substantial damage turbine aircraft accidents and incidents which occurred during the 11-year period from 1964 through 1974 was performed as part of an overall study of the interrelationship of aircraft crashworthiness and airport crash fire-rescue services. The analysis included 343 accidents and incidents which occurred in the U.S. and 39 outside the U.S. Crashworthiness data were obtained from accidents both in and outside the U.S. The U. S. accidents also provided data for an airport crash fire-rescue service analysis. The crashworthiness analysis indicated that 94.9 percent of the fatalities in world-wide U.S. air carrier impact-survivable accidents resulted from accidents where fire occurred. Fire and its effects were estimated to be the cause of: (1) forty percent of the fatalities; (2) fatal injuries to 23.3 percent of the occupants in survivable/ fatal accidents; and (3) a reduction in survivability, from 65.2 percent to 41.9 percent, of the occupants in survivable/fatal accidents. The status of FAA crashworthiness R and D programs directed toward the development of aircraft fire protective measures is described to focus on efforts being taken to reduce the fire hazard.
Descriptors : *AIRCRAFT FIRES , *COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT , *AVIATION ACCIDENTS , *PASSENGER AIRCRAFT , *AVIATION SAFETY , *JET TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT , FUEL TANKS , FIRE PROTECTION , INERT MATERIALS , DEATH , ESCAPE SYSTEMS , FIRE SUPPRESSION , JET ENGINE FUELS , AIRPORTS , EVACUATION , AVIATION INJURIES , FIRE PREVENTION , TABLES(DATA) , SURVIVAL(GENERAL) , EXPLOSIONS , BIBLIOGRAPHIES , RESCUES , FIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES , IMPACT
Subject Categories : Civilian Aircraft
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE