Accession Number : ADA021509


Title :   Physiological Response to Fire Induced Heat Environments.


Descriptive Note : Final rept. (Part A), 1972-1975,


Corporate Author : SANTA CLARA UNIV CALIF DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


Personal Author(s) : Pefley,Richard K ; Bell,David M ; Shiomoto,Gary H


Report Date : Jan 1976


Pagination or Media Count : 85


Abstract : An analytical thermal model is developed of sedentary humans which allows prediction of their transient response to changes in their thermal environment. This model is based in part on steady-state experimental evidence obtained from a human colorimeter. The predictive behavior of the model in terms of sweat rate is compared with evidence obtained from operating the colorimeter in a transient mode. Subsequently, this model is used to show the feasibility of creating fire-safe fallout shelters within reinforced concrete buildings. With minimum pressurized ventilation to these spaces, it is shown that rescue times of six to eight hours are available even though the shelter is adjacent to a major fire location. (Author)


Descriptors :   *FIRES , *THERMAL STRESSES , *BODY TEMPERATURE , MATHEMATICAL MODELS , ENVIRONMENTS , CIVIL DEFENSE , SHELTERS , BUILDINGS , VENTILATION , RATES , METABOLISM , PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS , EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY) , RESPONSE(BIOLOGY) , BAROMETRIC PRESSURE , HEAT , SKIN(ANATOMY) , REINFORCED CONCRETE , PERSPIRATION , FIRE HAZARDS , COLORIMETERS


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Safety Engineering
      Civil Defense


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE