Accession Number : ADA014549


Title :   Comparative Racial Analysis of Enlisted Advancement Exams: Item- Difficulty.


Descriptive Note : Final rept. May 1974-Jul 1975


Corporate Author : NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CA


Personal Author(s) : Robertson, David W ; Royle, Marjorie H


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a014549.pdf


Report Date : Jul 1975


Pagination or Media Count : 60


Abstract : An item-analysis of 24 Navy Enlisted Advancement Exams was conducted to determine which test characteristics might account for the higher promotion rate of White than Black racial groups. Specific questions addressed included (1) whether it is feasible to construct exams containing only items which are similar in difficulty for both Blacks and Whites, (2) what types of items are similar in difficulty, and (3) whether the same items are relatively easy or difficult for Blacks and Whites. The proportion of items identified as similar in difficulty for both Blacks and Whites varied from about one-half to six- sevenths of the 150 items in each test. The similar-type items were concentrated in the difficult range, and presented applied (as distinguished from conceptual) content. Relative item-difficulty was low on some exams. The development of advancement exams of items similar in difficulty for Blacks and Whites could not be recommended, because the concentration of similar-difficulty items in the difficult range would degrade test quality, and items largely limited to factual content might not cover all necessary content for a particular occupational specialty.


Descriptors :   *CAUCASIANS , *NERVES , *PERFORMANCE TESTS , *PROMOTION(ADVANCEMENT) , COMPARISON , ENLISTED PERSONNEL , MINORITIES , NAVAL PERSONNEL , RACIAL DISCRIMINATION , TEST CONSTRUCTION(PSYCHOLOGY) , VALIDATION


Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE