Accession Number:

AD1079677

Title:

Monetized Weather Radar Network Benefits for Tornado Cost Reduction

Descriptive Note:

Technical Report

Corporate Author:

MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LEXINGTON United States

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2019-08-29

Pagination or Media Count:

88.0

Abstract:

A monetized tornado benefit model is developed for arbitrary weather radar network configurations. Geospatial regression analyses indicate that improvement in two key radar coverage parametersfraction of vertical space observed and cross-range horizontal resolutionlead to better tornado warning performance as characterized by tornado detection probability and false alarm ratio. Previous experimental results showing faster volume scan rates yielding greater warning performance, including increased lead times, are also incorporated into the model. Enhanced tornado warning performance, in turn, reduces casualty rates. In combination, then, it is clearly established that better and faster radar observations reduce tornado casualty rates. Furthermore, lower false alarm ratios save cost by cutting down on peoples time lost while taking shelter.

Subject Categories:

  • Meteorology
  • Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE