Accession Number : AD1053271


Title :   Small-Scale Surf Zone Geometric Roughness


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States


Personal Author(s) : Hansen,Ami S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1053271.pdf


Report Date : 01 Dec 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 49


Abstract : Measurements of small-scale (O(mm)) geometric roughness (k(sub f)) associated with breaking wave foam were obtained within the surf zone on a sandy beach near Monterey, California. The k(sub f) is described by the vertical standard deviation of the foamy sea surface elevation and was estimated using stereo imagery techniques. A waterproof two-camera system with self-logging and internal power was developed using commercial-off-the-shelf components and commercial software for operations 1m above the sea surface within the surf zone. The k(sub f) of surf zone foam ranged from 1.7mm to 6.3mm with a mean of 3.2mm and confidence interval of 0.4mm for 57 stereo images; this is based on consistent area of 9cm squared (3cmx3cm). The tested stereo vertical error is 0.43mm consistent with published errors for stereo cameras. k(sub f) is biased by the spatial area of estimate, with increasing geometric roughness occurring with increasing spatial area. This is associated with removal of a two-dimensional, two-element polynomial plane. The measured foam k(sub f) estimates are larger than the suggested bubble roughness of 2mm. Data fitting between the measured surf zone roughness and aerodynamic roughness suggests that the scaling parameter (beta) between aerodynamic and geometric roughness is the same order of magnitude and very similar to land-based beta estimates.


Descriptors :   surface roughness , oceans , cameras


Subject Categories : Mechanics
      Physical and Dynamic Oceanography


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE