Accession Number : AD1053204


Title :   Detection of Ammonium Nitrate Variants by Canine: A Study of Generalization between Like Substances


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jan 2016,31 Oct 2017


Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON United States


Personal Author(s) : DeGreeff,Lauryn E ; Peranich,Kimberly ; Simon,Alison


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1053204.pdf


Report Date : 30 Apr 2018


Pagination or Media Count : 40


Abstract : Leveraging the analytical capabilities of the Naval Research Laboratory in collaboration with the Naval Surface Warfare Center Indian Head Naval EOD Technology Division with funding through the Office of Naval Research, this research explored the capability of canines to generalize or discriminate between related target odors including single target odors and binary mixtures. The explosive targets used in this study were ammonium nitrates (AN) of various brands, manufacturing processes, or forms (i.e. ground or prill). Mixtures included AN with fuel sources that commonly make up homemade explosives (HMEs). The study went further to pose the question of how training increases or decreases the canines tendency to generalize between like substances. Concurrent laboratory analyses were carried out examining the volatile components available in the headspace of the AN variants.


Descriptors :   ammonium nitrate , detection , explosives , DOGS , training


Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE