Accession Number : AD1051494


Title :   Recommended E3 HEMP Heave Electric Field Waveform for the Critical Infrastructures. Volume 2


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jan 2017,31 Jul 2017


Corporate Author : Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack Washington United States


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1051494.pdf


Report Date : 31 Jul 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 34


Abstract : This EMP Commission Report, utilizing unclassified data from Soviet-era nuclear tests, establishes that recent estimates by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and others that the low-frequency component of nuclear high-altitude EMP (E3 HEMP) are too low by at least a factor of 3. Moreover, this assessment disproves another claim--often made by the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), EPRI and others--that the FERC-NERC Standard for solar storm protection against geo-magnetic disturbances (8 volts/kilometer, V/km) will also protect against nuclear E3 HEMP. A realistic unclassified peak level for E3 HEMP would be 85 V/km for CONUS as described in this report. New studies by EPRI and others are unnecessary since the Department of Defense has invested decades producing accurate assessments of the EMP threat environment and of technologies and techniques for cost-effective protection against EMP. The best solution is for DoD to share this information with industry to support near-term protection of electric grids and other national critical infrastructures that are vital both for DoD to perform its missions and for the survival of the American people.


Descriptors :   electromagnetic pulses , high altitude , low frequency , nuclear explosions , magnetic disturbances , solar disturbances , peak values , threats , infrastructures , electrical grids , protection , electromagnetic fields , NUCLEAR EXPLOSION TESTING , measurement , electric fields , magnetic fields , WAVEFORMS , latitude


Subject Categories : Electromagnetic Pulses
      Electricity and Magnetism
      Nuclear Weapons
      Geomagnetism


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE