Accession Number : AD1050285


Title :   CARI NAIRAS: Calculating Flight Doses from NAIRAS Data using CARI


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Dec 2014,31 Dec 2014


Corporate Author : FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OKLAHOMA CITY OK OKLAHOMA CITY United States


Personal Author(s) : Copeland,Kyle ; Mertens,Christopher


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1050285.pdf


Report Date : 01 Dec 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 68


Abstract : The CARI computer program is galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) dose calculation software developed by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration. It serves the aerospace industry and flying public by providing a means of calculating GCR doses for flights, and as such, is a valuable radiation monitoring tool aiding industry and individuals in their radiation protection efforts. The information the software provides is also used by research scientists to investigate health effects of chronic exposure to low levels of ionizing radiation present in the atmosphere. CARI-6 and previous versions were increasingly inaccurate above 60,000 feet because of the superposition approximation built in to their global dose rate tables. This report describes CARI-NAIRAS, a new version of CARI that uses pre-calculated global tables of dose rates generated by the NAIRAS (Now-Cast of Atmospheric Ionizing Radiation for Aviation Safety) system developed at National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Langley Research Center. The NAIRAS system uses the NASA radiation transport code HZETRN (High charge (Z) and Energy TRaNsport), which does not use the superposition approximation, as well as satellite and ground-based data inputs to generate the global tables. CARI-NAIRAS is shown to be in good agreement with Monte Carlo based calculations in the altitude range 27,000 to 87,000 feet, thus eliminating the need for the altitude limit of 60,000 ft. Flight dose estimates are similar to those of CARI-6 and CARI-7. For 24 of the 32 flights investigated, CARI-NAIRAS estimated an effective dose within 20 percent of the mean of the three programs (CARI-6W, CARI-7, and CARI-NAIRAS). CARI-NAIRAS estimates are expected to improve once the latest version of HZETRN is incorporated into NAIRAS.


Descriptors :   ionizing radiation , radiation , computer programs , Space Weather , software , aerospace medicine , EXPOSURE (PHYSIOLOGY) , HEALTH , dose rate


Subject Categories : Radioactiv, Radioactive Wastes & Fission Prod
      Computer Programming and Software


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE