Accession Number : AD1045954


Title :   Political Economy of Drugs and Insurgency: The Case of Punjab


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States


Personal Author(s) : Pal,Rajan


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1045954.pdf


Report Date : 01 Mar 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 115


Abstract : Punjab is a strategically and economically important state for India. It shares a border with both Pakistan, a historical rival, and with the state of Kashmir, which is at the center of Indias conflict with Pakistan. Punjab is also the breadbasket of India and provides a number of recruits for the military, both of which are essential for food and physical security for an economically rising country. In the 1980s, Punjab experienced a decade-long violent insurgency caused by grievances arising from the unequal distribution of benefits from the Green Revolution. The states economy has been in decline for the past decade, which, along with a rise in drug use and trade, represents grounds for a crisis that threatens its post-insurgency stability. The unaddressed drug epidemic allows the emerging drug-crime-terror nexus to thrive. However, national and state-level elites and politicians continue to use identity as a mobilization tool for engaging with the population, mirroring the setting that led to the previous insurgency. Specifically, this research provides an insight into the growing possibility of instability in Punjab. This research derives implications for stability in a border state with porous borders experiencing increased drug use.


Descriptors :   insurgency , DRUG TRAFFICKING , economics , india , government (foreign) , history , security , DRUG ADDICTION , policies


Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE