Accession Number : AD1045806


Title :   Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement: Aquino III's Balancing Strategy With The United States Against China


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States


Personal Author(s) : Botardo,Alex S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1045806.pdf


Report Date : 01 Mar 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 73


Abstract : This thesis seeks to examine the conditions that led Philippine President Benigno Aquino III to pursue the 2014 Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) with the United States as the principal element of his strategy to balance against China. The EDCA will facilitate the U.S. militarys rotational access to bases across the Philippines, allowing the former to increase its strategic footprint in the region and elevating the scope of the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty and Visiting Forces Agreement between the United States and the Philippines. Aquino IIIs strong support for the EDCA, however, met an equally fervent opposition from political and public spheres, questioning the constitutionality of the agreement and legitimacy of Aquino's unilateral decision outside the purview of the Philippine Senate. Whereas the Aquino III administration considered the Chinese aggression in the South China Sea as an existential threat to the Philippines, the domestic opponents of the EDCA did not share Aquinos concern. Rather, while some of the opposition feared the costs of balancing with the United States and not just against China, others desired to avoid excessive U.S. influence.


Descriptors :   Philippine , foreign policy , China , South China Sea , COOPERATION , TREATIES


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE