Accession Number : AD1045468


Title :   Innovative Tools to Assess Systems Thinking Ability


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Sep 2015,30 Aug 2016


Corporate Author : PERSONNEL DECISIONS RESEARCH INST (PDRI) INC TAMPA FL TAMPA United States


Personal Author(s) : Adis, Cory ; Wisecarver,Michelle ; Raber,Chelsey ; Wind,Alexander P ; Canali,Kristophor G


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1045468.pdf


Report Date : 01 Dec 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 84


Abstract : Systems thinking ability (STA) is defined as a constellation of closely related abilities that enable individuals to (a) identify the elements of a system, (b) understand system relationships, (c) evaluate and revise system models, and (d) apply an integrated understanding of the system to a problem. Numerous jobs in the Army require Soldiers to work with or within systems. Given the pervasiveness of systems across Army jobs and requirements, the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) is exploring means to identify personnel who have an aptitude for systems thinking would be a useful tool for selection and classification. Five key cognitive attributes were identified as conceptually relevant to STA: Hierarchical Working Memory Capacity, Spatial Ability, Cognitive Flexibility, Pattern Recognition, and Cognitive Complexity. Assessment approaches were developed for each of five cognitive attributes identified and data was collected using a sample of workers from Amazon Mechanical Turk. Preliminary construct validation results indicated support for most measures. Convergent and discriminant relationships were generally significant and in the expected direction, though of moderate magnitude.


Descriptors :   cognitive science , SYSTEMS ANALYSIS , COGNITIVE SYSTEMS ENGINEERING , Military personnel , Army personnel , memory , MENTAL PROCESSES , PATTERN RECOGNITION


Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Psychology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE