Accession Number : AD1042956


Title :   Review and Synthesis of Evidence Regarding Environmental Risks Posed by Munitions Constituents (MC) in Aquatic Systems


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS VICKSBURG United States


Personal Author(s) : Lotufo,Guilherme R ; Chappell,Mark A ; Price,Cynthia L ; Ballentine,Mark L ; Fuentes,Ashley A ; Bridges,Todd S ; George,Robert D ; Glisch,Eric J ; Carton,Geoffrey


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1042956.pdf


Report Date : 01 Oct 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 254


Abstract : Underwater military munitions (UWMM) may pose a risk to aquatic environments because they typically contain munitions constituents (MC) such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX). If UWMM become corroded or breaches, the fill material may leak or dissolve into the surrounding environment, which could potentially adversely affecting affect the exposed biota. In large part, because of the high cost and complexity associated with sampling MC at UWMM sites, detailed and reliable information about MC in water, sediment, and biota is available for only a few sites, and therefore temporal and spatial uncertainties persist. Examination of available data indicates that concentrations of MC in water and sediment were largely below detection or were relatively low (e.g., parts per billion), with higher concentrations being highly localized and typically near a point source. These findings were in accordance with predictive modeling and with fate studies. Available toxicity data derived for a variety of freshwater and marine species were compiled and used to derive interim water quality criteria and protective values derived from species sensitivity distributions. Toxicity varied widely across a diversity of MC and species. For most aquatic sites, MC contamination in sediment and in the water-column presents low risk to the resident biota.


Descriptors :   explosives detection , environmental protection , explosive devices , explosives , surveys , aquatic organisms , chemical analysis , wildlife , explosions , material degradation processes


Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
      Physical and Dynamic Oceanography


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE