Accession Number : AD1040743


Title :   Characterize Respiratory Pathogens Endemic to Pakistan


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,16 Jun 2010,30 Jun 2015


Corporate Author : The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia Charlottesville United States


Personal Author(s) : Petri, William A ; Zaidi,Anita ; Hughes,Molly H ; Ali ,Syed ; Bhutta,Zulfiqar


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1040743.pdf


Report Date : 25 Oct 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 64


Abstract : The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of respiratory viruses associated with severe pneumonia among children in the rural district of Matiari in Sindh, Pakistan. The study was a community-based prospective cohort of active surveillance for two years, and a total of 817 participants were followed. Of the nasopharyngeal swabs collected, 77.8 percent (179/230) were positive for one or more respiratory viruses. The incidence of viral-associated pneumonia was 11.9 per 100 child-years of follow up. Enterovirus/Rhinovirus was detected in 51.7 patients, followed by parainfluenza virus type III (8.3 percent), and RSV (5.7 percent ). Of the blood cultures collected, 1.4 percent (5/356) were positive for a bacterial pathogen.


Descriptors :   Pneumonia , viruses , Respiratory system , children , Pakistan , Enteroviruses , Rhinoviruses , Parainfluenza virus , surveillance , microbiology , DATA ANALYSIS , health care , infection


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Microbiology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE