Accession Number : AD1040698


Title :   Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C in US Air Force Basic Military Trainees


Descriptive Note : JOURNAL ARTICLE - OPEN ACCESS


Corporate Author : 59th Medical Wing San Antonio United States


Personal Author(s) : Taylor,Douglas F


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1040698.pdf


Report Date : 29 Aug 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 10


Abstract : Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) can cause significant morbidity in military servicemembers and may potentially negatively impact mission readiness. Prevalence among military recruits accessioning into the United States Air Force for hepatitis Band Chas not previously been described.The Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland Blood Donor Center was queried for HBV and HCV screening forall basic military trainees who donated blood between November 25, 2013 through April 16, 2016. Other populations, such as active duty or reserve personnel, were excluded. The estimated prevalence of HBVand HCV was 0.0098% and 0.007%, respectively. This study suggests that the overall estimated prevalence of HBV and HCV infection is much lower among USAF basic trainees compared to both the active duty and US civilian populations. HBV and HCV are viral infections that can negatively impact mission readiness, individual deployment status, and have significant costs for the military. Additional studies are needed to determine cost effectiveness of screening for viral hepatitis among military populations.


Descriptors :   military medicine , trainees , military personnel , viruses , infectious diseases , morbidity , hepatitis , military research


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE