Accession Number : AD1039585

Title :   Evaluation of a Dining Facility Intervention on U.S. Army Special Operations Soldiers' Meal Quality, Dining Satisfaction, and Cost Effectiveness

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jan 2015,01 Nov 2016

Corporate Author : U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine Natick

Personal Author(s) : Cole,Renee ; Champagne ,Catherine ; Hatch,Adrienne ; McGraw,,Susan ; Allen,Ray ; Montain,Scott

Full Text :

Report Date : 18 Nov 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 93

Abstract : The study purpose was to test the initial effectiveness of this USASOC HPP (Human Performance Program) intervention and whether changes were sustained over time. Dietary intakes were assessed using food photography before and after three main meals over 2 days. Daily nutrient content and Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores were computed. Descriptive and independent t-test analyses were performed pre to post HPP implementation (=0.05; 80 power). A total of 688 Soldiers participated(98 male; mean age of 25.62.9 yrs). At 12-months, USASOC patrons exhibited a significantly higher sodium-adjusted HEI score (70.38.7 points; 4.6 pts; p=0.005) compared to the control DFAC (avg of 56.3 10.8 points over 12-months). Specific improvements in USASOC patron intake were 0.6 cups fruit (2.5 cups/d), 0.8 oz whole grains (5.9 oz/d), 1.9 oz protein (14.9 oz/d; 2.0g/kg BW), -0.3 oz refined grains (4.3 oz/d), and -0.13g/kg fat (1.24g/kg BW) (p0.05). These data illustrate that education, introduction of healthy food options, and revised cooking practices are effective interventions for improving Warfighter meal quality.

Descriptors :   meals , surveys , beverages , vegetables , proteins , personnel management , body weight , fatty acids , digestive system processes , military facilities , army personnel , diet , Cost Effectiveness

Subject Categories : Food, Food Service and Nutrition
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE