Accession Number : AD1039252


Title :   WANDERER IN THE MIST: THE SEARCH FOR INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE (ISR) STRATEGY


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States


Personal Author(s) : SKAGGS,RYAN D


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1039252.pdf


Report Date : 01 Jun 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 166


Abstract : This study comprises a qualitative analysis with a within-case and across-case methodology that seeks to understand the significance of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) strategy at the operational level of war. The study accomplishes three tasks: first, it develops a taxonomy for evaluating ISR strategy within the Clausewitzian tradition; second, it applies the taxonomy to three historical cases within the Mediterranean Theater in the Second World War; and third, it contributes to the education of ISR professionals by providing examples of how operational leaders orchestrated a vast intelligence machine to achieve operational results. The study concludes that successful ISR strategies, balanced and effectively integrated with the overall operational plan through the commanders intent, are integral to the overall success or failure of an operational plan. Successful ISR strategy acts as a general force multiplier by increasing a nations military effectiveness that can hasten victory or forestall defeat. Conversely, unsuccessful ISR strategy generally reduces operational effectiveness that can thwart victory or hasten defeat. The study fills a gap in the body of knowledge by providing a framework to understand why ISR strategies succeed or fail, explains the fundamental principles underpinning the development of ISR strategy, and explains how ISR strategists can best set the conditions for future success at the operational level of war.


Descriptors :   surveillance , military history , intelligence collection , lessons learned , signals intelligence , carrier based aircraft , amphibious operations , naval operations , second world war , air power , RECONNAISSANCE


Subject Categories : Military Intelligence


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE