Accession Number : AD1038935


Title :   Muddling Through: An Analysis of Security Force Assistance in Iraq


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jun 2016,31 May 2017


Corporate Author : US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States


Personal Author(s) : Denn,William III J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1038935.pdf


Report Date : 25 May 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 75


Abstract : From 2003 to 2011 the US military invested eight years of warfighting and almost $25 billion to build, train, equip, and sustain the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) in order to achieve a peaceful and secure Iraq. Several leaders within the Obama administration at the time remarked that ISF were ready to take over the defense of their country following the US military withdrawal. Three years later, in a shocking overturn, the ISF disintegrated in the face of an ISIS advance on the northern Iraqi city of Mosul. This monograph re-examines the efforts to build, train, equip, and sustain the ISF from 2003 to 2011 using the lens of security force assistance (SFA) planning and its relevant doctrine in order to better assess why the Iraqi Army was not prepared to face an external threat from ISIS. The conclusions are that, rather than doctrinal failures, large scale institutional failures within the Department of Defense and the Department of State led to an inability to focus on the most important aspects of security sector reform, namely, investments in defense institutions critical to sustain military forces for the long term. The implications of these observations are critical to future SFA efforts, as the US government seeks to continue a long-term strategy of advising and assisting foreign partners in order to strengthen their own stability and security.


Descriptors :   interagency coordination , iraqiwar , national security , personnel management , combat forces , department of defense , united states central command , military doctrine , military advisors , military assistance , military operations , military history , department of state , military forces (foreign) , Military planning terroism


Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE