Accession Number : AD1038905


Title :   Autonomous Observations of the Upper Ocean Stratification and Velocity Field about the Seasonality Retreating Marginal Ice Zone


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Nov 2011,30 Sep 2016


Corporate Author : Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Woods Hole United States


Personal Author(s) : Toole,John M ; Krishfield,Richard A ; Timmermans,Mary-Louise ; Cole,Sylvia T ; Thwaites,Fredrik T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1038905.pdf


Report Date : 30 Dec 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : As a contribution to the Marginal Ice Zone ORI, this research element was designed to observe the seasonal evolution of the upper-ocean stratification. document the time-varying ocean currents and characterize the turbulent ice-ocean exchanges of heat, salt and momentum as the sea ice cover retreats poleward in spring/summer using Ice-Tethered Profilers with Velocity. A total of 5 systems were deployed for MIZ, programmed to acquire vertical profiles of upper-ocean temperature, salinity and horizontal velocity at 3 hour resolution, as well as direct vertical turbulent flux estimates from just below the ice-ocean interface several times per day. Results advance understanding of the Arctic air-ice-ocean system.


Descriptors :   marginal ice zones , arctic ocean , STRATIFICATION , OBSERVATION , ocean currents , HEAT TRANSFER , MOMENTUM TRANSFER , temperature , SALINITY , velocity


Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
      Snow, Ice and Permafrost


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE