Accession Number : AD1038431

Title :   Addressing the military gap in the western Balkans and closing the gap through regional cooperation

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

Personal Author(s) : Arriku, Perparim

Full Text :

Report Date : 09 Jun 2017

Pagination or Media Count : 141

Abstract : After the conflicts ended in the former Yugoslavia in the late 1990s, the Western Balkan countries began working to fulfill their commitment to the Euro-Atlantic organizations. In 2003, the United States led Albania, Croatia, and Macedonia to establish the Adriatic Charter Partnership (A-3). In 2008, Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina joined to form Adriatic Charter Partnership (A-5). Through the partnership, countries transformed their armed forces in line with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) standards. As the result of this partnership, Albania and Croatia became NATO members in 2009. Montenegro finalized the ratification process, and Macedonia and Bosnia-Herzegovina are working towards NATO membership. The security environment and budget constraints have delayed the Western Balkans' strategic goal of integration and fulfilling the Euro-Atlantic requirement for collective defense. Sharing a common security environment, mutual interest in Euro-Atlantic institutions, and consequences of budget constraints has led to addressing the military gap and building an approach to close these gaps. The research endorses regional cooperation as a smart approach to develop joint enabling capabilities and mutual response for collective defense. Regional cooperation enhances peace, stability, and interoperability throughout the Western Balkans.

Descriptors :   nato , treaties , united states government , combat forces , defense systems , doctrine , lessons learned , natural disasters , agreements , air defense , international relations , international organizations , medical evacuation , warfare , cooperation , military capabilities , economics , Albania , BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA , Croatia , Montenegro , MACEDONIA , military budgets , political systems , European UNION

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE