Accession Number : AD1038254

Title :   [18F]DPA 714 PET Imaging Reveals Global Neuroinflammation in Zika Virus Infected Mice

Descriptive Note : Journal Article - Open Access


Personal Author(s) : Kuszpit,Kyle

Full Text :

Report Date : 12 Sep 2017

Pagination or Media Count : 32

Abstract : The association of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and the development of neurological sequelae require a better understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms causing severe disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability and sensitivity of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging using [18F]DPA-714, a translocator protein (TSPO) 18 kDa radioligand, to detect and quantify neuroinflammation in ZIKV-infected mice. We assessed ZIKV-induced pathogenesis in wild-type C57BL/6 mice treated with an antibody to disrupt type I interferon (IFN) signaling. [18F]DPA-714 PET imaging was performed on days 3, 6, and 10 post-infection (PI), and tissues were subsequently processed for histological evaluation, quantification of microgliosis, and detection of viral RNA by in situ hybridization (ISH). In susceptible ZIKV-infected mice, viral titers in the brain increased from day 3to day 10 PI. Over this span, these mice showed a 2- to 6-fold increase in global brain neuroinflammation using [18F]DPA-714 PET imaging despite limited, regional detection of viral RNA. No measurable increase in ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1(Iba-1) expression was noted at day 3 PI; however, there was a modest increase at day 6PI and a significant 4-fold increase in Iba-1 expression at day 10 PI in the susceptible ZIKV-infected group relative to controls. The results of the current study demonstrate that global neuroinflammation plays a significant role in the progression of ZIKV infection and that [18F]DPA-714 PET imaging is a sensitive tool relative to histology for the detection of neuroinflammation.[18F]DPA-714 PET imaging and potentially other PET probes may be useful in dynamically characterizing the pathology associated with neurotropic viruses and the evaluation of therapeutics being developed for treatment of infectious diseases.

Descriptors :   immune system , blood , central nervous system , infection , tomography , viruses , biological factors , drug therapy , inflammation , virus diseases , infectious diseases , therapeutics , brain , Pathology

Subject Categories : Microbiology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE