Accession Number : AD1037225

Title :   Who is Distressed Applying the Diabetes Related Distress Scale in a Diabetes Clinic

Descriptive Note : Conference Paper


Personal Author(s) : Tate ,Joshua M ; Wardian,Jana L ; Folaron,Irene ; True,Mark W ; Sauerwein,Tom J

Full Text :

Report Date : 09 Jun 2017

Pagination or Media Count : 5

Abstract : The American Diabetes Association recently released a position statement on psychosocial care of patients with diabetes recommending assessment of diabetes-related distress (ORD) with validated scales such as the Diabetes-related Distress Scale (DDS). However, there are no published data to date describing the use of the DDS in a clinical setting. We measured ORD, using the DDS, in patients enrolled to our diabetes clinic with results reported as it pertains to diabetes type and medication regimen [Type 1 diabetes (T1DM}, Type 2 diabetes with insulin use (T2DM-i), Type 2 diabetes without insulin use (T2DM)]. Chart review, of Diabetes Center of Excellence patients, identified 810 patients who completed a baseline DDS over a 1 year period. We categorized the DDS results as follows: 2.0 = little or no DRD; 2.0-2.9 = moderate DRD; and 3.0 = high ORD. In addition, we evaluated four domains: Emotional Burden (EB); Physician-related Distress (PD); Regimen-related Distress (RD); and Interpersonal Distress (ID). High total DDS was most prevalent in T2DM-i patients (8.8%); mean total DDS in T2DM-i (1.79) was significantly higher compared to T1DM patients (1.61; p = 0.02). High RD was more prevalent in T2DM-i and T2DM groups (19.1 % and 18.2%, respectively), compared to patients with T1DM (11.1%) with significant differences in means between T1DM (1.84) and T2DM-i (2.12; p = 0.01). Although means were notstatistically different, high EB was most prevalent in T1DM and T2DM-i groups (17.4%; mean = 1.88 and 19.7%; mean = 2.09, respectively), compared to T2DM (10.8%; mean= 1.89). This study is the initial step to identify ORD in a clinical setting; this will allow emphasis of psychosocial interventions in each diabetes group and routine reevaluation of psychosocial well-being using DDS, with the goal of improving diabetes-related outcomes. Further research is needed to assess other contributing factors related to ORD and identify interventions to reduce ORD.

Descriptors :   diabetes , statistics , STRESS (PSYCHOLOGICAL)

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE