Accession Number : AD1036949


Title :   Exploiting The New Commercial Space Race


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Air War College, Air University Maxwell AFB United States


Personal Author(s) : Blackwook,Milton E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1036949.pdf


Report Date : 10 Feb 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 26


Abstract : The Commercial Space Launch Act (CSLA) of 1984 facilitated the involvement of private enterprise in US Government space and space technology activities, including space launch. In 1995, the Department of Defense (DoD) created the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program to obtain commercial launch services to ensure affordable space access for US national security satellites. The DoD's acquisition strategy anticipated a strong market for launching commercial satellites that would drive down cost for launching government satellites. The commercial market demand failed to materialize. Since 2006, a joint venture created between Lockheed Martin and Boeing, United Launch Alliance (ULA), has provided launches for the EELV on a sole-source basis. Recently the landscape of the commercial space launch industry is being changed by a new group of entrepreneurs motivated by broader interests other than only launching satellites. Despite national and DoD policies that support commercial competition for launching US satellites, the DoD has been cautious to fully embrace the commercial competition in the EELV program. The EELV now faces the possibility of having to move from one sole-source launch provider to another. This paper will examine how the US Government can attract a new generation of innovators to compete for launch service contracts and ensure that US space access is not dependent on foreign-made systems.


Descriptors :   national security , department of defense , space transportation , global positioning systems , launch vehicles , military operations , rocket engines , procurement , propulsion systems , space environments , costs , agreements , contracts , united states government


Subject Categories : Unmanned Spacecraft


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE