Accession Number : AD1036897


Title :   Neuroimaging Cerebrovascular Function and Diffuse Axonal Injury after Traumatic Brain Injury and Response to Sildenafil Treatment


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda United States


Personal Author(s) : Pronger,Angela M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1036897.pdf


Report Date : 05 Apr 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 104


Abstract : Damage to the cerebral microvasculature and diffuse axonal injury (DAI) are two well recognized end ophenotypes of traumatic brain injury (TBI) which significantly contribute to neuropsychological sequelae (40; 61; 110). Patients who have suffered mild TBI show acute disruptions in cerebrovascular reactivity (73) and chronic regional deficits in cerebral blood flow (CBF) that are concordant with neuropsychiatric localization (18). Furthermore, compelling evidence indicates that enhancing angiogenesis may attenuate secondary injury and improve functional recovery (21; 77; 121; 122; 136). Although diffuse axonal injury has similarly been linked to neurologic outcome (70), the relationship of microvascular disease and axonal injury after TBI remains unknown. The present study establishes a method to efficiently and non-invasively quantify traumatic cerebral microvascular injury after TBI and response to therapeutic intervention, using sildenafil as a model. Young adult male rats were assessed over a 30-day period following moderate fluid percussion injury through multimodal magnetic resonance imaging. Cerebrovascular reactivity to hypercapnia was measured using arterial spin labeling. Diffusion tensor imaging was employed to assess microstructural alterations, including axonal injury. Neurobehavioral outcome was assessed by the Neurological Severity Score, Morris Water Maze, Rotarod, and Open Field Test. Animals were euthanized 30 days after injury for histological measures of astrogliosis (GFAP), microgliosis (Iba-1) and vascular recovery (RECA-1). The effectiveness of sildenafil (Viagra, Revatio) as a cytoprotective treatment was also evaluated using these methods. Regional deficits in cerebrovascular function were concordant with regions of increased astrogliosis and microglial activation (GFAP and Iba-1 increased in auditory cortex, each p0.001).


Descriptors :   neuroimaging , CEREBROVASCULAR SYSTEM , brain injuries , axons , trauma , drugs , Pathophysiology , magnetic resonance imaging , COGNITION


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Pharmacology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE