Accession Number : AD1036543

Title :   Combined Biological and Chemical Mechanisms for Degradation of Insensitive Munitions in the Presence of Alternate Explosives

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : Clemson University Clemson United States

Personal Author(s) : Finneran ,Kevin T ; Drew,Scott R ; Arnett,Clint

Full Text :

Report Date : 21 Jun 2017

Pagination or Media Count : 120

Abstract : The insensitive munitions (IM) 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN) and nitroguanidine (NQ) have been used in newly developed explosives as a replacement for the more sensitive munition, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). These new formulations are less sensitive to external shocks, for example heat or strikes, and as such they are safer to store, transport and use in battle conditions. The objective of this research was to quantify the rate and extent to which IM can be transformed by combined biological and chemical reactions with iron and Fe(III)-reducing microorganisms.

Descriptors :   insensitive explosives , chemical reactions , high explosives , liquid chromatography , mass spectrometry , tnt , chemical kinetics , electron transfer

Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE