Accession Number : AD1036543


Title :   Combined Biological and Chemical Mechanisms for Degradation of Insensitive Munitions in the Presence of Alternate Explosives


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Clemson University Clemson United States


Personal Author(s) : Finneran ,Kevin T ; Drew,Scott R ; Arnett,Clint


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1036543.pdf


Report Date : 21 Jun 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 120


Abstract : The insensitive munitions (IM) 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN) and nitroguanidine (NQ) have been used in newly developed explosives as a replacement for the more sensitive munition, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). These new formulations are less sensitive to external shocks, for example heat or strikes, and as such they are safer to store, transport and use in battle conditions. The objective of this research was to quantify the rate and extent to which IM can be transformed by combined biological and chemical reactions with iron and Fe(III)-reducing microorganisms.


Descriptors :   insensitive explosives , chemical reactions , high explosives , liquid chromatography , mass spectrometry , tnt , chemical kinetics , electron transfer


Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE