Accession Number : AD1036444

Title :   Examining the Effects of Parental Combat Deployment on the Body Mass Index and Eating Behaviors and Attitudes of Adolescent Female Military Dependents

Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Personal Author(s) : Bryant,Edny J

Full Text :

Report Date : 13 Jul 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 165

Abstract : Studies have demonstrated the psychological and emotional impact of parental combat deployments on military child dependents (Acion, Ramirez, Jorge, and Arndt, 2013; Flake, Davis, Johnson, and Middleton, 2009). However, the effect of these deployments on the weight status and eating behaviors and attitudes of the military child population remains unexplored. Adolescent female military dependents (N = 81) and their parents (N = 68) who received medical care from the Family Medicine Clinic at Fort Belvoir Community Hospital voluntarily completed questionnaires assessing their weight status and eating behaviors and attitudes (e.g., binge/loss of control eating, idealization of the thin-ideal).More than half of the adolescents (56%) experienced at least one parental combat deployment. The mean BMI of adolescents was 22.6 4.9, their mean age was 14.2 1.6y, and most were Caucasian (67%). A majority of the parents who participated in the study (respondent parents) were mothers (88.2%). The mean BMI of the parents was in the overweight range (26.91 5.09) and most were married (85.9%) and Caucasian (73.2%). Parental combat deployment was associated with emotional eating and thin ideal internalization. Adolescent psychological functioning mediated the relationship between parental combat deployment and adolescent BMI-z, among participants who had experienced at least one parental combat deployment. Implications for primary care providers and future research are discussed.

Descriptors :   health services , human behavior , body weight , eating disorders , human emotions , ethnic groups , military personnel , Family , depression , surveys , MILITARY FAMILIES , ETHNIC GROUPS , overweight , obesity

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Sociology and Law

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE