Accession Number : AD1036098


Title :   CNT Based Artificial Hair Sensors for Predictable Boundary Layer Air Flow Sensing (Postscript)


Descriptive Note : Journal Article


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB United States


Personal Author(s) : Baur,Jeffery W ; Slinker,Keith A ; Kondash,Corey ; Dickinson,Benjamin T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1036098.pdf


Report Date : 07 Nov 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 14


Abstract : While numerous flow sensor architectures mimic the natural cilia of crickets, locusts, bats, and fish, the prediction of sensor output for given flow conditions based on the sensor properties has not been achieved. Challenges include difficulty in determining the electromechanical properties of the sensors, limited working knowledge of the boundary layer, low sensitivity to small hair deflections, and lack of models for large deflections. Within this work, hair sensors are fabricated using piezoresistive arrays of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) without traditional microelectromechanical processing. While correlating the CNT array electromechanical properties to synthesis conditions remains a challenge, a consistent, proportional, and predictable response to steady, boundary-determined air flow is obtained using theory and measurement for various lengths of hairs. The moment sensitivity is shown to scale inversely with the CNT length and stiffness to a typical maximum of 1.3 0.4 resistance change nN1 m1. The normalized CNT piezoresistivity is constant (1.1 0.2) for a majority of the more than two dozen sensors examined despite the orders-of-magnitude variability in both sensitivity and CNT compressive modulus.


Descriptors :   Hair , fluid flow , sensors , carbon nanotube , boundary layer


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Refractory Fibers
      Fluid Mechanics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE