Accession Number : AD1035052


Title :   Identification of Sediment Sources to Calumet River through Geochemical Fingerprinting


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center Vicksburg United States


Personal Author(s) : Perkey,David W ; Chappell,Mark A ; Seiter,Jennifer M ; Wadman,Heidi M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1035052.pdf


Report Date : 01 Apr 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 66


Abstract : Geochemical sedimentary markers provide a well-established methodology for fingerprinting various sources of sediments accumulating within a region of concern. To help identify possible sources of contaminated sediment infilling a reach of the Calumet River between the Thomas J. OBrien lock and Lake Michigan, multiple bottom sediment samples were collected in 2014 from six potential sediment sources. Additionally, geochemical data from historic dredging records spanning a 40-year period were examined to develop a historic geochemical fingerprint for sediments within this reach of the river. Geochemical measurements and advanced multivariate statistics were used to successfully distinguish between all six potential sediment sources. Calumet River samples showed elevated levels of heavy metals and a geochemical signature that was distinct from the potential source sediments, suggesting that heavy metal contamination was occurring locally within the river. Additionally, multivariate analysis was able to show historic reductions in heavy metal and organic contaminants in the dredge records that likely correlates with implementation of the Clean Water Act. Geochemical fingerprints were successfully used to track changes in sediments both spatially and temporally within the project area. These fingerprints could be used further to identify any future changes in sediments within this reach of the Calumet River.


Descriptors :   rivers , sediments , Dredging , GEOCHEMISTRY , Sedimentation , sampling , Grain size , Electrical conductivity , ph factor , mineralogy


Subject Categories : Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE