Accession Number : AD1033187


Title :   Validation and Interrogation of Differentially Expressed and Alternatively Spliced Genes in African-American Prostate Cancer


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,30 Sep 2015,29 Sep 2016


Corporate Author : DUKE UNIV DURHAM NC DURHAM United States


Personal Author(s) : Patierno,Steven ; Freedman,Jennifer


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1033187.pdf


Report Date : 01 Oct 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 31


Abstract : These studies address the urgent need to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the more aggressive prostate cancer biology in African American (AA) men. Specifically, our objectives are to 1) expand our sample cohort and delineate the relationship between genetic/epigenetic/posttranscriptional factors in AA prostate cancer and Gleason grade and 2) manipulate splicing using novel splice-switching oligonucleotides (SSOs) and determine functional outcomes. Toward these objectives, we have opened our Genomics of Cancer Disparities Study to obtain AA and white prostate cancer blood and tissue specimens. For all tissue specimens collected, we have screened for tumor content, determined Gleason grade, isolated DNA and RNA and annotated. In addition, we have designed and synthesized SSOs to manipulate PIK3CD alternative splicing, with SSOs targeting the exon 23junction or a putative enhancer to produce the AA PIK3CD variant and targeting a putative repressor to produce the white PIK3CD variant.


Descriptors :   prostate cancer , ethnic groups , minority groups , regression analysis , neoplasms , therapeutics , tissues , oncology , cell line , prostate , growth factors , gene expression , clinical trials , african americans


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE