Accession Number : AD1032619

Title :   Biomechanics of Head, Neck, and Chest Injury Prevention for Soldiers

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Mar 2009,28 Feb 2011

Corporate Author : Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Blacksburg United States

Personal Author(s) : Duma,Stefan ; Rowson,Steve ; Stitzel,Joel ; Cormier,Joe ; Hardy,Warren ; Gabler,Clay

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Mar 2011

Pagination or Media Count : 39

Abstract : This is the final report for Phase 1 of the cooperative agreement between the Virginia Tech Wake Forest, Center of Injury Biomechanics and the U.S. Army entitled Biomechanics of Head, Neck, and Chest Injury Prevention for Soldiers. The final report includes activities performed during the entire Phase 1 timeline, which can be seen in Figure 1. Task 1 details facial fracture prediction using the Facial and Ocular CountermeasUre Safety (FOCUS) with risk functions for the frontal bone, maxilla, and nasal bone. For Task 2, development of CAD data for biomechanical studies of the cervical spine is provided in place the head supported mass analysis (Task 2.1/2.2), as agreed upon with USAARL. Task 3 includes the finite element model of the lung and injury criteria development (3.1), development of a head surrogate for free field blast testing (3.2, as agreed upon with USAARL), and crash sled system development for thorax injury protection (3.3). The National Research Symposium on Military Biomechanics (4.1) is also reported on. All tasks for Phase 1 have been completed by the end of the 2 year project term.

Descriptors :   injury prevention , BIOMECHANICS , HEAD INJURIES , NECK (ANATOMY) , THORACIC INJURIES , military personnel , facial bones , bone fractures , finite element analysis , BLAST TESTING , models , SOFT TISSUES , LUNG , FACE (ANATOMY) , LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS , algorithms , prototypes

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Biomedical Instrumentation and Bioengineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE