Accession Number : AD1032497


Title :   The Triangle Offense: Using Social Movement Theory to Analyze Russia's Gray Zone Strategy


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Aug 2016,15 Jun 2017


Corporate Author : NDU/JFSC Joint Advanced Warfighting School NORFOLK United States


Personal Author(s) : SIMMONS, ALEXANDER V


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1032497.pdf


Report Date : 21 Apr 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 67


Abstract : Social Movement Theory (SMT), which came into being during the 1960s, is a compact model for analyzing organizations pursuing political objectives. Using the tripartite structure of ideological framing, resource mobilization, and political opportunity, academics and practitioners use SMT to analyze everything from civil rights groups to religious insurgencies. However, there is no existing SMT application to the gray zone, which represents one of the greatest challenges facing the United States today. This thesis reviews the current literature on both the gray zone and SMT, creates an SMT analytical model, and then applies the model to case studies on Russia and Ukraine. Under proper analysis, SMT can identify existing sources of tension in a gray zone adversary, likely vulnerabilities in a target region, and potential countermeasures for senior strategists and commanders.


Descriptors :   Russia , Ukraine , strategy , models , theory , case studies , vulnerability , countermeasures , leadership , government (foreign) , natural resources , economics , politics , diplomacy , military forces (foreign) , policies


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE