Accession Number : AD1031594


Title :   Regulating Services as Measures of Ecological Resilience on DoD Lands


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jul 2011,01 Aug 2015


Corporate Author : Virginia Tech Blacksburg United States


Personal Author(s) : Angermeier,Paul ; Villamagna,Amy


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1031594.pdf


Report Date : 23 Nov 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 100


Abstract : Knowledge of the capacity and flow of ecosystem services can help DoD land managers make decisions that enhance cost-effectiveness, minimize environmental damage, and maximize resources available for military missions. We demonstrated a methodology to quantify and map selected regulating services (RS), which helps land managers envision trade offs. Our objectives were to 1) estimate current capacity of and demand for selected RS within DoD lands, 2) examine the effects of future DoD land management and climate changes on the capacity and flow of these RS, and 3) project how land-use and climate changes in nearby lands affect future demand for RS. Our approach incorporates widely accepted models and equations, remote sensing, GIS analysis, and stakeholder involvement. Required data include land cover/use, soil type, precipitation, and air temperature. We integrated data into the a) Surface Curve Number Method and b) Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation to estimate capacity of sediment, nitrogen (N) and surface-water regulation. Capacities and flows of RS vary greatly across landscapes and are likely to vary as climate changes or development occurs. Analyses of RS capacity and flow can help managers and planners prioritize actions in the context of best management practices and compatible use buffers. Staff surveys indicated that our approach was informative and easy to use. Implementation may be most limited by on-installation personnel time.


Descriptors :   surface waters , water quality , ecosystems , regulations , satellite imaging , nitrogen , dielectric gases , monitoring , filtration , test methods , sediments , department of defense


Subject Categories : Ecology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE