Accession Number : AD1030831

Title :   Observations and Modeling of Upper Ocean Hydrography in the Western Arctic With Implications for Acoustic Propagation

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States

Personal Author(s) : DiMaggio,Dominic F

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Dec 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 143

Abstract : Observational and modeling studies are conducted to explore the changing physical environment of the western Arctic Ocean and its significance to upper-ocean hydrography and acoustic energy propagation. In-situ observations of temperature and salinity were made as part of the Canada Basin Acoustic Propagation Experiment (CANAPE) pilot study in summer 2015. Sound-speed fluctuations due to internal waves and spice were analyzed to describe spatio-temporal variability. Internal-wave frequency spectra show a spectral slope lower than the Garrett-Munk (GM) model, and the energy level is 4% of the standard GM value. Frequency spectra of spice show a form similar to the internal-wave spectra but with a steeper spectral slope. Several global climate models were evaluated against historical and recent hydrographic observations and found to inadequately represent key upper-ocean hydrographic features. The Regional Arctic System Model (RASM) was used to investigate sensitivity of the simulated upper ocean to various configurations and showed that sub-grid scale brine rejection parameterization, appropriately tuned surface momentum coupling, and increased vertical and horizontal resolution improved model simulation. In both observational and model data sets, a near-surface sound channel is present, the significance and variability of which warrant further in-situ investigations and model improvements.

Descriptors :   underwater acoustics , acoustic propagation , digital data , enthalpy , sea water , acoustic waves , ocean currents , oceanography , OCEAN BASINS , CANADA , Arctic Ocean

Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE