Accession Number : AD1029899

Title :   Prospects for Finland and Sweden to Pursue Closer Defense Cooperation With NATO

Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Personal Author(s) : Pedrotty,Daniel J

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Sep 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 83

Abstract : This thesis examines the potential advantages for Finland and Sweden in pursuing closer cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and possible membership. The security policy objectives of Finland and Sweden have largely been defensive in nature: to ensure national survival and protection of sovereignty. With the exception of Finlands opposition to the Soviet Unions aggression in1939-1940 and 1941-1944 to defend its national independence, both countries have remained neutral in foreign and security policies. Swedens geopolitical situation is advantageous in that the Baltic Sea hinders invasion and the country has positive relations with its immediate neighbors. In contrast, Finland shares a lengthy border with Russia and has a complex history of relations with Moscow. In 2009, Sweden pledged a Declaration of Solidarity that protects its neighboring Nordic states as well as European Union (EU) member states in an effort to strengthen and preserve peaceful relations and stability. The thesis concludes that the benefits of closer cooperation with the Alliance and possible membership, notably collective defense protection under Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty, are substantial. Russias recent aggressive behavior may lead Finland and Sweden to seek closer cooperation with NATO and to give greater attention to the option of membership.

Descriptors :   international relations , nato , national security , treaties , international security

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE