Accession Number : AD1029832


Title :   Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON DC United States


Personal Author(s) : Feickert,Andrew


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1029832.pdf


Report Date : 08 Mar 2017


Pagination or Media Count : 15


Abstract : On January 6, 2011, after spending approximately $3 billion in developmental funding, the Marine Corps cancelled the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV) program due to poor reliability demonstrated during operational testing and excessive cost growth. Because the EFV was intended to replace the 40-year-old Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAV), the Pentagon pledged to move quickly to develop a more affordable and sustainable vehicle to replace the EFV. The Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) is intended to replace the AAV, incorporating some EFV capabilities but in a more practical and cost-efficient manner. In concert with the ACV, the Marines were developing the Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC) to serve as a survivable and mobile platform to transport Marines when ashore. The MPC was not intended to be amphibious like an AAV, EFV, or the ACV but instead would be required to have a swim capability for inland waterways such as rivers, lakes, and other water obstacles such as shore-to-shore operations in the littorals. Both vehicles are intended to play central roles in future Marine amphibious operations. On June 14, 2013, Marine leadership put the MPC program on ice due to budgetary pressures but suggested the program might be resurrected some 10 years down the road when budgetary resources might be more favorable. In what was described as a drastic shift, the Marines decided to resurrect the MPC in March 2014. The Marines designated the MPC as ACV Increment 1.1 and planned to acquire about 200 vehicles. The Marines also plan to develop ACV Increment 1.2, a tracked, fully amphibious version, and to acquire about 470 vehicles and fund an ongoing high water speed study. Although ACV Increment 1.1 is to have a swim capability, another mode of transport (ship or aircraft) would be required to get the vehicles from ship to shore. On November 5, 2014, it was reported the Marines released a draft Request for Proposal (RFP) for ACV Increment 1.1.


Descriptors :   amphibious vehicles , marine corps , amphibious operations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE