Accession Number : AD1027376

Title :   Adaptive Dynamics, Control, and Extinction in Networked Populations

Descriptive Note : Conference Paper

Corporate Author : Naval Research Laboratory Washington United States

Personal Author(s) : Schwartz,Ira B ; Lindley,Brandon ; Shaw,Leah B

Full Text :

Report Date : 09 Jul 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 6

Abstract : Real networks consisting of social contacts do not possess static connections. That is, social connections may be time dependent due to a variety of individual behavioral decisions based on current network links between people. Examples of adaptive networks occur in epidemics, where information about infectious individuals may change the rewiring of healthy people, or in the recruitment of individuals to a cause or fad, where rewiring may optimize recruitment of susceptible individuals. In this talk, we will review some of the dynamical properties of adaptive and random networks, such as bifurcation structure and the size of fluctuations. We will also show how adaptive networks predict novel phenomena as well as yield insight into new controls. Applying a new transition rate approximation that incorporates link dynamics, we extend the theory of large deviations to stochastic network extinction to predict extinction times. In particular, we use the theory to find the most probable paths leading to extinction. We then apply the methodology to network models and discover how mean extinction times scale with network parameters in Erdos-Renyi networks. The results are shown to compare quite well with Monte Carlo simulations of the network in predicting both the most optimal paths to extinction and mean extinction times.

Descriptors :   human population , stochastic processes , networks , extinction , therapeutics , infectious diseases

Subject Categories : Computer Systems
      Sociology and Law

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE