Accession Number : AD1027169


Title :   Eliminating War By Eliminating Warriors: A Case Study in Costa Rica


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States


Personal Author(s) : Benton,Julian L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1027169.pdf


Report Date : 01 Mar 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 77


Abstract : Armed conflicts have a destabilizing effect on individual nations and the international community alike. Conversely, reducing warfare has a positive effect on both national and international affairs. Stable nations equate to stable borders, which, in turn, improve cross-cultural communications and global commerce. This thesis uses Costa Rica as a case study to examine the efficacy of reducing armed conflict by eliminating individual national forces. The key to promoting peace through abolishing the military lies in four elements: culture, economic evolution, domestic developments, and external threats. This paper relies on historical observations, legal mandates, cross-national comparisons, and third party analysis to understand how Costa Rica has been able to abolish its army and maintain a successful military-free society. The four elements of culture, economic evolution, domestic development, and external threats appear in virtually every source, so this work analyzes each element in sequence as it relates to Costa Rica. Finding the proper mix of elements can help gauge which regimes will peacefully relinquish armed forces and thus contribute to peaceful globalization.


Descriptors :   national governments , national politics , Military forces (Foreign) , COUPS , Peacekeeping , WAR , Culture , Economics , Threats , Evolution , Case studies


Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Government and Political Science


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE