Accession Number : AD1026657


Title :   Granting Concessions and Paying Ransoms to Terrorists: A Policy Options Analysis of the U.S. Policy on Hostage Recovery


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States


Personal Author(s) : Hyatt,Rodney


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1026657.pdf


Report Date : 01 Jun 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 95


Abstract : Nations around the world, including the United States, have been battling terrorist hostage-takings by instituting no-concessions policies. The hope is that denying terrorists their demands will remove all incentives for hostage-taking, thereby eliminating its practice. However, since this policy has been inexistence, research has shown that hostage-takings have increased. Considering the recent, highly publicized beheadings of hostages held by the Islamic State, is there a better policy option, such as one that protects U.S. citizens who are being held hostage? To answer this question, this thesis conducted a policy options analysis. Criteria were developed from the literature, and the current U.S. policy was compared to two other policy options. The research found that current U.S. policy does not effectively achieve its goals and, as such, does not offer the best protection to U.S. citizens. As a result, the thesis concluded that the United States would be better served by removing the no-concessions rule and focusing on a policy that punishes terrorists who participate in hostage-taking.


Descriptors :   counterterrorism , terrorists , HOSTAGES


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE