Accession Number : AD1024197


Title :   A Systems Thinking Approach to Engineering Challenges of Military Systems-of-Systems


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Defence Science and Technology Group Canberra BC ACT Australia


Personal Author(s) : Chen,Pin ; Unewisse,Mark


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1024197.pdf


Report Date : 01 Sep 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 55


Abstract : System(s)-of-Systems (SoS) is broadly acknowledged as an engineering challenge for defence organisations, due to high complexity of various military SoS and their development processes. Inadequate understanding of SoS problems and inability to manage complexity encountered in planning, development and operation of multiple interdependent SoS can undermine not only performance and effectiveness of engineering practice and development activities, but also quality of their products and outcomes. This report introduces a systems thinking-based approach, SoS thinking, which offers a language and a thoughtful process to conceptualise, understand, communicate about and assess military SoS. Based on the multidimensional thinking, high complexity of SoS problems can be explored and addressed through using a set of SoS lenses in a number of important aspects, including the problem space, diversity, interdependencies, design paradigm, development states and technical statuses. SoS thinking provides a foundation for further developments of adequate methods, metrics and solutions for SoS engineering practice.


Descriptors :   systems engineering , systems management , operations research , complex systems , information systems , military operations , model based systems engineering , specifications , knowledge based systems , military applications , military planning


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE