Accession Number : AD1023984

Title :   Early Intervention with Cdk9 Inhibitors to Prevent Post-Traumatic Osteoarthritis

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,30 Sep 2014,29 Sep 2015

Corporate Author : University of California, Davis Davis United States

Personal Author(s) : Haudenschild,Dominik R

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Oct 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 97

Abstract : We proposed to test (in aim 1) whether inhibition of Cdk9 would reduce the early transcriptional response to joint injury, and (in aim 2) whether this would delay or prevent the subsequent development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis. In the first progress report, we made significant progress on Aim 1, essentially demonstrating that Cdk9 inhibitors reduce early transcriptional responses to joint injury using in-vitro and in-vivo models. In this progress report, we made substantial progress in Aim2, demonstrating that prevention of early transcriptional response to joint injury reduces many of the early signs of osteoarthritis initiation and progression. We show this both in-vitro using cartilage explants, and in-vivo in our mouse model of ACL-rupture PTOA. In-vitro, using explant cartilage subjected to impact injury, Cdk9 inhibitors prevent mechanical injury-induced inflammation, apoptosis and matrix degradation. In-vivo, Cdk9 inhibitors reduce inflammation, synovitis, fibrosis, loss of cartilage mechanical properties, loss of subchondral bone, and osteophyte formation.

Descriptors :   joint diseases , wounds and injuries , joints(anatomy) , inflammation , inhibitors , orthopedic surgical procedures

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE