Accession Number : AD1022577


Title :   Innovative Phase Change Approach for Significant Energy Savings


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,23 Feb 2011,30 Sep 2016


Corporate Author : Applied Research Associates, Inc. Panama City United States


Personal Author(s) : Shaaban,Aly H ; Church,Christopher ; Blount,Donielle J ; Escobar,Sergio ; Forbes,Alexander ; Kettell,Desiree ; McDonald,Robert ; Newman,Jensen A ; Yacout,Abdelfatah ; Zhou,Gong


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1022577.pdf


Report Date : 01 Sep 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 133


Abstract : A hybrid Environmental Control Unit (HECU) technology was demonstrated. The HECU integrated heat exchangers filled with Phase Change Material (PCM) into a facility's air conditioning system. The PCM acts as a thermal battery storing cold energy to supplement the facility's ECU operations reducing operational energy consumption, peak demand, and cost. After extensive pre-demonstration testing at ARA facilities, two methods of integrating PCM into a facility's air conditioning system emerged: 1) PCM-filled coils suspended under ceiling air registers, a simple retrofit, this method targeted continuous PCM use by ensuring the coils were always in the path of air flow. 2) Peak Load Shaving (PLS) using a large PCM-filled coil. This PLS method used PCM module with large thermal storage capacity to absorb heat and maintain room temperature during the peak demand period of the day. The air conditioner then regenerated the PCM during early morning hours, when the air conditioners ran more efficiently and the price of electricity is lower. The ceiling PCM-filled coils demonstration showed a 19% reduction in air conditioning energy use compared to the baseline. While, the PLS demonstration, using storage capacity for 1/3 of the peak period, showed 1.47% energy savings and based on Tyndall AFB electricity pricing reduced the air conditioning energy cost by 6.2% .


Descriptors :   air conditioning , energy efficiency , energy consumption , load monitoring


Subject Categories : Air Condition, Heating, Lighting & Ventilating


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE