Accession Number : AD1022265


Title :   Measuring Transnational Organized Crime Threats to US National Security


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,05 Jul 2015,26 May 2016


Corporate Author : US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States


Personal Author(s) : Spinuzzi, Marc A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1022265.pdf


Report Date : 26 May 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 49


Abstract : In 2011 President Obama released the United States Strategy to Combat Transnational Organized Crime (SCTOC). The strategy identified Transnational Organized Crime (TOC) as a national security threat directed the creation of an Interagency Threat Mitigation Working Group (TMWG). The SCTOC tasked the TMWG to identify criminal networks that posed a sufficiently high national security threat to merit a whole-of-government approach to achieve their defeat. Unfortunately, the SCTOC did not include any methodology for differentiating between criminal networks. Organized crime typologies, models, and assessment tools do exist. However, not all these tools are necessarily suitable for the TMWG. The question was, therefore, is there an existing typology or assessment model that can identify the TOC groups that present the national security threat defined in the SCTOC? A literature review of existing organized crime assessments identified the three most common conceptual frameworks used to study organized crime. These frameworks are organization-based, activities-based, and harm-based. The SCTOC discussion of TOC most closely resembles an organization-based conceptual framework. Therefore, all activities-based, and harm-based typologies were ruled out. SCTOC also identified specific selection criteria that helped match the SCTOC with an appropriate organization-based typology. The most appropriate model must be simple, support UN common terms, include key SCTOC variables, and address links to terrorists. A number of organization-based typologies were analyzed. The research found that The United Nations report, Pilot Survey of Forty Selected Organized Criminal Groups in Sixteen Countries meets the needs of the Threat Mitigation Working Group (TMWG) best. The UN typology is not designed to score TOC networks, so it is not an obvious choice, but it could be easily modified by the TMWG to rank-order TOC networks.


Descriptors :   national security , international relations , crime , globalization , criminals , national politics , international organizations , drug trafficking , intergovernmental organizations , police


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE