Accession Number : AD1022150


Title :   Command and Control: US Army Staffs and the Operations Process


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States


Personal Author(s) : Moore,Charles A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1022150.pdf


Report Date : 26 May 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 67


Abstract : The analysis of US First Army staff during World War II demonstrates how a staff effectively supports the commander in commanding and controlling large formations. Staffs and their organization have developed and adapted to the changes and growth in warfare over time. Since its beginnings, foreign thought, often French and Prussian, heavily influenced the US Army's doctrine of staff organization and operations. One can trace our modern staff organization to the lessons learned by the American Expeditionary Force during WWI. During the interwar period, the US Army captured these lessons in doctrine that the First Army used to overcome the challenges and friction it encountered while preparing and directing operations in the Western European Theater. First Army staff effectively assisted their subordinate commanders, staffs, and units and informed the many organizations and units outside their headquarters. Additionally, the staff officers showed a willingness to be adaptable and flexible by creating and modifying organizational structures to overcome challenges. Finally, this study highlights the importance of staff officers recording not just their final products, but also captures their actions in creating those orders and briefings for future study and analysis.


Descriptors :   Command and control , first world war , second world war , lessons learned , THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS , army personnel , military doctrine , combat forces , combat operations , landing craft


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE