Accession Number : AD1020632

Title :   Development of an Animal Model of Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture-Induced Acute Spinal Cord Injury

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 May 2014,30 Apr 2016

Corporate Author : Johns Hopkins University Baltimore United States

Personal Author(s) : Sciubba,Daniel M ; Petteys,Rory J ; Freedman,Brett A

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Jul 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 11

Abstract : Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to permanent disability and has been increasingly observed in warfighters after introduction of more survivable vehicles (MRAP). Rodent research has led to many advances in SCI treatment, but successful clinical translation remains limited. Here we describe a large animal model of blunt acute traumatic SCI using a custom designed computer controlled spinal cord impactor. Methods: Thirteen female Yucatan miniature swine were subjected to spinal cord impact with a custom-made controlled spinal cord impactor and balloon compression. Neurological function was assessed for seven days after injury. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histology were performed on postoperative day one and seven respectively. Results: The custom spinal cord impactor delivered consistent, predictable, impacts to the spinal cord. MRI and histology showed a positive correlation between volume and severity of spinal cord injury and the impact force. Both the PTIBS and PNM scales also correlated with the target impact force. Conclusions: This novel and custom spinal cord impactor can reliably produce a gradient of ventral blunt SCI. This could prove to be a valuable tool to investigate SCI seen in burst fracture and other traumatic injuries, and may represent a useful intermediate step in evaluation of SCI treatments.

Descriptors :   spinal cord , trauma (nervous system) , wounds and injuries , biological staining and labeling , histology , tissues , thoracic injuries , magnetic resonance imaging

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE