Accession Number : AD1020430

Title :   Development of Helicopter Capabilities in the U.S. Army During the Korean and Vietnam Wars

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

Personal Author(s) : Soboliev, Denys

Full Text :

Report Date : 10 Jun 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 76

Abstract : The Vietnam War was the first conflict with a large helicopter involvement from the U.S. side. It was the biggest vertical capability use on the battlefield ever and was innovative and effective. It was unique on the battlefield, especially when enemy did not have any similar air mobility and sky cavalry capabilities. One can be surprised when understands how long it took to the Army to prove the necessity and develop this innovative capability. During the Korean War the Army had used very limited number of helicopters as logistical and transportation tools. The Army introduced a combat role of helicopters only in the Vietnam War. So, why did it take so long to the Army to obtain organic combat helicopters as an integral part of its capabilities? In this thesis the author addresses history of vertical capability incorporation into the Army during 19501973. The author uses parallel comparison of the Army and the Marine Corps' approach to the new helicopter capability. It provides clear picture of who was better and why, what challenges they met and how the challenges could be mitigated or overcame. This study provides a great example of a different approach to military innovation.

Descriptors :   army aviation , Korean war , Vietnam war , military capabilities , helicopters , marine corps , army personnel , military forces (united stateS) , military history , airframes , aerial warfare , lessons learned

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE