Accession Number : AD1020347

Title :   Security: The Fourth Pillar of the Caribbean Community. Does the Region Need a Security Organ

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Aug 2015,10 Jun 2016

Corporate Author : US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

Personal Author(s) : Pryce, Murphy G

Full Text :

Report Date : 10 Jun 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 100

Abstract : The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is a 15-state regional organization in the Caribbean, which was formed in 1973 as a means of continuing post-independence member states' cooperation. The mandate of CARICOM has evolved and is now focused on deep interconnectedness and integration. Economic integration, foreign policy coordination and functional cooperation were the pillars on which CARICOM was founded and were the basis for pursuing the regional integration agenda. The objectives of the organization were threatened by the complex security environment of the 21st Century. Given its increasing importance and cross-cutting nature, CARICOM's leaders agreed to establish security as the fourth pillar of the organization in 2007. This research assessed the security architecture that has been designed to meet the regional security mandate in order to determine if the region requires a Security Organ to support the decision to make security a foundational pillar. The research found that there are moderate risks associated with CARICOM's current approach. To mitigate these risks, it is proposes a strengthening of the security structure in order to improve coordination and effectiveness be implemented. The research identified various options for strengthening the security structure, but based on CARICOM's existing design, the establishment of a CARICOM Security Organ is a necessary precursor to other improvements.

Descriptors :   Measures of effectiveness , threats , risk , security , CARIBBEAN SEA ISLANDS , international relations , economics , foreign policy , government (foreign) , strategy , international organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE