Accession Number : AD1020334

Title :   Force Projection, the 5th Marine Expeditionary Brigade, and the Planned Amphibious Assault during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Aug 2015,10 Jun 2016

Corporate Author : US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

Personal Author(s) : Newkirk,Timothy R

Full Text :

Report Date : 10 Jun 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 147

Abstract : When the Cuban Missile Crisis began on 15 October 1962, the 5th Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB), based out of Camp Pendleton, California, was in an inactive status, having just one officer and nine enlisted men permanently assigned as the cadre. As a part of the Marine Corps' forces allocated to support the Atlantic Command's Cuban Contingency Plans, the 5th MEB headquarters was activated on 20 October 1962 in preparation for possible deployment. Shortly thereafter on 23 October, the entire brigade was activated, ordered to embark all its equipment and 11,000 personnel on naval amphibious shipping, and set sail for the Caribbean within ninety-six hours. This paper explores the challenges, shortfalls, and successes the brigade experienced while mobilizing and deploying on such a short timeline for expected amphibious and combat operations. Additionally, a brief history regarding the development of the Cuban invasion plans is reviewed with special emphasis on the role of the 5th MEB in those plans and what lessons a staff planner can take away from the development of operational plans and the actual mount-out that occurred.

Descriptors :   military history , amphibious operations , OPERATIONAL READINESS , deployment , military planning , lessons learned , MOBILIZATION , military intelligence , military capabilities , military forces (united states) , military forces (foreign)

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE