Accession Number : AD1020308

Title :   Innovation from the Sea: A Net Assessment of the Development of U.S. Navy Unmanned Aerial System Policy

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

Personal Author(s) : Marzluff,Daniel M

Full Text :

Report Date : 10 Jun 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 153

Abstract : The U.S. Navy's contributions to the development of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) since the dawn of aviation are well documented, but the policy driving these developments remains historically under-examined. The goal of this thesis, therefore, is to perform a net assessment of how the Navy has both adopted and modified its policy regarding UAS development and employment since the advent of the technology, from the early years of aviation to the present day. In order to form a thorough and objective argument, the research examines the Navy's specific approach to UAS policy across this time period from an operational, political, and intra-service perspective. Based on the research conducted in this thesis, the Navy's approach to UAS policy and its subsequent integration were influenced by external political pressures, perceived enemy threats, the limitations of unmanned aerial technology, and most significantly, internal community discord and weak advocacy. Despite the challenges of imposed jointness on multi-service UAS development by Congress, the threat posed by Soviet capabilities, and the technological challenges of operating in a maritime environment, the most significant impediment to the Navy's integration of UAS has been the Navy itself. However, in the face of growing anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) threats, the Navy must actively work to overcome its intrinsic biases towards UAS in order to leverage both manned and unmanned assets to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

Descriptors :   unmanned aerial vehicles , airframes , contingency operations (military) , naval operations , aircraft equipment , military organizations , test and evaluation , combat areas , aerial warfare , aircraft carriers , national security , reconnaissance aircraft , navy , MARINE CORPS , AIR FORCE , POLICIES , AREA DENIAL

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE