Accession Number : AD1019704


Title :   Transforming Airborne Command and Control and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States


Personal Author(s) : Gillis,Kouji P


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1019704.pdf


Report Date : 01 Jun 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 107


Abstract : For over a decade, the USAF has been looking for follow-on platforms to replace and transform the current airborne Command and Control, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C2ISR) force. The USAF has studied the feasibility of using space-based radar (SBR) platforms as well as large manned aircraft like the E-10A to meet USAF C2 and ISR operational requirements. Neither of these platforms met operational requirements and has forced the USAF to continue relying on aging AWACS and JSTARS platforms for airborne C2ISR.The current airborne C2ISR force was designed to operate in the Cold War environment and should be replaced with newer technology to negate new information-age threats. However, does the technology exist today? Can Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) or unmanned airships replace the AWACS and JSTARS? If so, what are the costs and benefits of transforming airborne C2ISR, and should the USAF transform airborne C2ISR now? The USAF must make strategic choices today by weighing the costs and benefits of replacing or modernizing the current airborne C2ISR force. A holistic evaluation of the costs, capabilities, and cultural implications will determine whether or not the USAF should modernize or transform the current airborne C2ISR force today. The analysis indicates that it is technologically feasible to replace the AWACS and JSTARS today with RPAs and unmanned airships. The upfront costs for making this transition will be higher, but the long-term costs will be lower. Initially, it would likely impact the culture by employing airborne C2ISR operators in ground stations instead of in the air, but in the long run, the culture may shape implementation in ways that may in turn shape the technology.


Descriptors :   airborne warning and control system , electronically scanned array


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE