Accession Number : AD1019158

Title :   Changing of the Guard: Nation Building and the United States Military

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States

Personal Author(s) : Oakland,Randy

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Jun 2010

Pagination or Media Count : 118

Abstract : This thesis examines the United States militarys move away from the Weinberger-Powell Doctrine. It assesses the evolution of Americas use-of-force doctrine by evaluating changes in post-Cold War national strategy documents and their context within the historical narrative. It further illuminates the relationship between the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the president as a lens through which to evaluate the changing nature of Americas civil-military relations. The analysis examines three time capsules: the end of the Cold War and Desert Storm, hegemony before 9/11, and hegemony after 9/11. The results of this analysis suggest the presidents ill-defined role as commander-in-chief and Americas emergence as a global hegemon allowed the increased application of military force in the conduct of foreign policy. Despite the intent of the Goldwater-Nichols legislation to enhance military advice to the president by strengthening the chairmans position, the evidence suggests the chairmans role in determining when and how to use force has declined significantly since a peak under the leadership of Colin Powell. The final section of the study highlights inputs into the trend toward a military co-opted by a strong executive and addresses ways the institution can ensure its future leaders retain the capacity for independent thought grounded in the history of warfare.

Descriptors :   national politics , national security , military doctrine , international relations , united states government , military forces (united states) , foreign policy , leadership , decision making

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE